|The Call for Innovative and Open Government: An Overview of Country Initiatives.
|Paris: OECD Publishing
The increasing technological shift provides an opportunity to create a new paradigm for the future of the public sector and the state. In this new context, citizens and civil society will be empowered to take on greater responsibility and start new partnerships with the public sector. Therefore, collaboration with citizens and civil society will become a cornerstone for future public sector reforms. Reinventing these new partnerships will surely be one of the key challenges faced by the public sector in the 21st century. In this report the OECD presents an overview of initiatives of 31 countries concerning efficient, effective public services and open and innovative government. It focuses on four core issues: delivery of public services in times of fiscal consolidation; a more effective and performance-oriented public service; promotion of open and transparent government; and strategies for implementation of a reform agenda.
|Freedom of Information: Open Access, Empty Archives?
Experiences in many countries with Freedom of Information acts or Access to Information legislation have raised a number of shared problems and concerns, but there has been very little discussion among historians and archivists internationally about dealing with these issues as well as reflecting on the benefits of access legislation. One of these issues is that the implementation of FOI conflicts with the orderly processing of Government records because it is difficult to do both things at the same time. As FOI is implemented over time, it becomes harder and harder for hard‐pressed officials to fulfill FOI requests within the legislated time limit. This is a problem that seems to be endemic to FOI regimes in many countries.
This volume is one of the first to compare and reflect upon both the successes and difficulties of FOI across the world. Written by an international mixture of senior archivists and historians, it will appeal across the disciplines of history and archive studies.
|Beyond Transparency: Open Data and the Future of Civic Innovation.
|Washington: Code for America Press
The rise of open data in the public sector has sparked innovation, driven efficiency, and fueled economic development. While still emerging, we are seeing evidence of the transformative potential of open data in shaping the future of our civic life, and the opportunity to use open data to reimagine the relationship between residents and government, especially at the local level. Edited by Brett Goldstein, former Chief Data Officer for the City of Chicago, this book features essays from over twenty open government pioneers that discuss issues of relevance in the open data movement and the practical implications of implementing these policies. Beyond Transparency is a cross-disciplinary survey of the open data landscape, in which practitioners share their own stories of what they have accomplished with open civic data. It seeks to move beyond the rhetoric of transparency and towards action and problem solving. Through these stories, the book proposes that it is needed to build an ecosystem in which open data can become the raw materials to drive more effective decision-making and efficient service delivery, spur economic activity, and empower citizens to take an active role in improving their own communities.
|Reforming the Public Sector: How to Achieve Better Transparency, Service, and Leadership.
|Washington: Brookings Institution Press and the Italian National School of Public Administration
The public sector is characterized by a profound transformation across the globe, the scope and ramifications of which have yet to be interpreted. In order for this act of transformation to be converted into an ongoing state of improvement, policymakers and civil service leaders must learn to implement and evaluate change in the public sector. Reforming the Public Sector is an important contribution to that end. By placing their approach to public administration reform in a broad international context the authors included in this volume identify a road map for public management and offer us a better understanding about the principles underpinning ongoing reforms in the public sector. Some of the specific issues addressed in this book include the uses and abuses of public sector transparency, the "audit explosion," and the relationship between public service motivation and job satisfaction.
|Open Budgets: The Political Economy of Transparency, Participation, and Accountability.
|Washington: Brookings Institution Press
Fiscal transparency is important for two reasons: First, because people have a right to know what their governments do with public resources; second, because it reshapes the relationship between governments and their citizens. When governments publish more information on their fiscal operations, citizens can better monitor government actions and hold them accountable for how they raise and spend public resources. Around the world, public officials responsible for public budgeting are facing demands —from their own citizenry, other government officials, economic actors, and increasingly from international sources —to make their patterns of spending more transparent and their processes more participatory. By answering the questions of how and why do improvements in fiscal transparency and participation come about?, how are they sustained over time?, when and how do increased fiscal transparency and participation lead to improved government responsiveness and accountability? Khagram, Fung and de Renzio, seek to solve the lack of rigorous analysis of the causes and consequences of fiscal transparency.
|Privacy Rights. Moral and Legal Foundations.
|Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press
We all know that Google stores huge amounts of information about everyone who uses its search tools, that Amazon can recommend new books to us based on our past purchases, and that many governments have engaged in many data-mining activities to acquire information about us, including involving telecommunications companies in monitoring our phone calls. Control over access to private information is raising new challenges for those anxious to protect our privacy. In Privacy Rights, the professor of the University of Washington, Adam Moore, adds informational privacy to physical and spatial privacy as fundamental to developing a general theory of privacy that is well grounded morally and legally. The author provides a set of tools, in the form of principles, arguments, and examples, to help us rigorously put current intuitions about privacy to the test. This volume is a significant contribution to the literature because it links the theory of privacy defended with other established views in the literature, but goes beyond that and adds new arguments and justifications.
|Corruption and Reform in India: Public Services in the Digital Age
|New York: Cambridge University Press
In 2006 the Indian Government launched a policy initiative to reform provision of public services using information technology services. Political forces have resisted, for varying reasons, from allowing this to happen in a full-fledged way. Through the investigation of a new era of administrative reform, in which digital technologies may be used to facilitate citizens' access to the state, Jennifer Bussell tries to explain why some governments improve public services more effectively than others. Drawing on a sub-national analysis of twenty Indian states, a field experiment, statistical modeling, case studies, interviews of citizens, bureaucrats, and politicians, and comparative data from South Africa and Brazil, Bussell shows that the extent to which politicians rely on income from petty and grand corruption is closely linked to variation in the timing, management, and comprehensiveness of reforms. The volume is essential to scholars interested in both corruption and Indian politics, as well as practitioners and promoters of reform in public service delivery more generally.